Note to Readers

Summary of Ecology of Peace Problem Solving: The problems of poverty, unemployment, war, crime, violence, food shortages, food price increases, inflation, police brutality, political instability, loss of civil rights, vanishing species, garbage and pollution, urban sprawl, traffic jams, toxic waste, racism, sexism, Nazism, Islamism, feminism, Zionism etc; are the ecological overshoot consequences of humans living in accordance to a Masonic War is Peace international law social contract that provides humans the ‘right to breed and consume’ with total disregard for ecological carrying capacity limits.

Ecology of Peace factual reality: 1. Earth is not flat; 2. Resources are finite; 3. When humans breed or consume above ecological carrying capacity limits, it results in resource conflict; 4. If individuals, families, tribes, races, religions, and/or nations want to reduce class, racial and/or religious local, national and international resource war conflict; they should cooperate to implement an Ecology of Peace international law social contract that restricts all the worlds citizens to breed and consume below ecological carrying capacity limits; to sustainably protect and conserve natural resources.

EoP v WiP NWO negotiations are documented at MILED Clerk Notice.

Saturday, June 12, 2010

The Conflict of the Past: A Factual Review | Die Konflik van die Verlede: ‘n Feitlike Oorsig




by General Johan van der Merwe



A long night's damage: Working for the Apartheid State; by Eugene De Kock [Amazon]
[Eugene de Kock & TRC PR publicity stunt]

More than two decades after political negotiations were started and the ANC, as well as other revolutionary organisations, ceased the armed struggle, there is still large scale confusion and ignorance regarding the nature of the violence that raged in South Africa from 1960 to 1990.

The TRC, which unquestionably consisted overwhelmingly of ANC-supporters and sympathisers, laid the foundation for a propaganda onslaught in which the SABC and certain members of the media merrily took part.

One example of the manner in which this propaganda campaign was conducted is the Special Assignment program about the conflict of the past, presented by the SABC on 18 November 2008.

This program was presented in such a one-sided and distorted fashion that the Foundation for Equality before the Law found it necessary to lay a complaint with the Independent Broadcasting Complaints Commission. After conducting a trial, they found:
“Taking all these facts into consideration, the Tribunal is of the view that one-sided impressions were created in the programme, which is to the detriment of the security force officers. This does not mean that we are of the opinion that these officers were innocent of any atrocities. They (or some of them) admitted to such atrocities. What we find is that there was not sufficient balance in presenting this particular programme, because a lasting impression is created in the mind of the reasonable viewer, firstly, that the security officers were the only people who committed atrocities during the armed struggle, and, secondly, that they then tried to prevent victims from giving evidence against them at the TRC hearings. In finding thus, it is not our intention to interfere with the editorial prerogative of the presenter. The presenter is free to take a particular angle or line and to emphasize aspects that he or she considers to be more important than others. However, when the presenter is dealing with controversial issues of public importance, he or she should treat all parties involved in the issue fairly, and see to it that balance is obtained in presenting different viewpoints. If this is not done, the broadcast can deteriorate into propaganda, a situation that cannot be allowed in any democracy.”

Examples of this type of propaganda appear in our Media daily and it is sad that certain Afrikaans newspapers, either due to ignorance or because of journalists with dubious motives, often take the lead.

It is also a pity that Mr FW de Klerk and other former Ministers of the National Party do not feel obliged to rectify these skewed and distorted reports regarding the conflict of the past.

The following facts are lost sight of, consciously disregarded or maliciously distorted.

“With our boxes of matches and our necklaces we shall liberate this country.” - Winnie Mandela
ANC's Occult “Struggle” Politics


Necklacing refers to the practice of summary execution carried out by forcing a rubber tire (tyre), filled with gasoline, around a victim's chest and arms, and setting it on fire. The victim may take up to 20 minutes to die, suffering severe burns in the process. The first recorded lethal lynching by necklacing occurred in Uitenhage on 23 March 1985: ANC supporters necklaced a councillor, for being a collaborator.
ANC's Occult “Struggle” Politics


Necklacing was frequently carried out in the name of the ANC. An example of necklacing was the case of a young girl Maki Skosana in July 1985: “Her body had been scorched by fire and some broken pieces of glass had been inserted into her vagina,” Moloko told the committee.
ANC's Occult “Struggle” Politics

  • For more than three decades the RSA was subjected to a fierce struggle filled with deeds of terror through which the ANC and other revolutionary organisations attempted to take over the Government.

  • Car-bombs, landmines, limpet mines and other explosive devices exploded on a regular basis and defenceless people - women and children - were killed or horribly maimed and the community faced a constant threat. Limpet mines in Wimpy Restaurants and explosive devices in refuse containers or terror attacks, in which persons might be mowed down indiscriminately, irrespective of whether they were women or children, were a real daily threat. The Church Street Bomb-explosion and the attack on the St James Church were characteristic of the reckless and barbaric way in which the revolutionary groups conducted the struggle. Pressure was mounted on the police from all sides, especially on the Security Branch, to safeguard the community at large from these attacks.

  • Members of the South African Police Force were regarded as ‘hard targets” and attacks on members and their families became a frequent event. Black members of the force, especially those living in black townships, lived under constant threat. In some areas black policemen had to be housed in tents in secure areas in order to safeguard them against attack from the ANC. From 1973 to 1990 more than 346 members of the force were killed in the revolutionary onslaught.

  • Where the slightest suspicion existed that someone had given information to the police or cooperated with the police in any way, that person was branded a collaborator and collaborators were burned alive using the most inhuman and barbaric method known as the ‘necklace method’. During the period 1 September 1984 to 31 March 1993, 505 persons, exclusively members of the black community, were burned alive by the necklace method. 36 persons, whom they were able to rescue in time, were severely burnt. During the same period, 710 persons, once again solely members of the black community, were burnt alive while 320 received serious burns. This all but destroyed the ability of the police to obtain information from the black community or to get people to give evidence against members of Umkhonto we Sizwe or other revolutionary organisations. As a result the legal processes available to the police became impotent. Even the declaration of a state of emergency and emergency regulations were not enough to stop the terror. On the 26th of September 1992 the previous Government and the ANC entered into an agreement or so-called “RECORD OF UNDERSTANDING” in terms of which 176 prisoners were released. One of the stipulations of this Agreement determined that:
    “The two parties agreed that all prisoners whose imprisonment is related to the conflict of the past, and whose release could make a contribution to reconciliation, should be released.”

  • With the exception of Barend Strydom, the so-called “Wit Wolf”, all of the other prisoners were released at the insistence of the ANC. These included persons who were serving long sentences for “necklace murders”. In so doing, the ANC clearly confirmed that the ‘necklace murder” was indeed a tool of the revolutionary struggle and was carried out to further their aims. The abhorrent deeds committed by some of these prisoners far exceeded anything that Eugene de Kock was involved with.

  • Members of the police force were deployed in both South West Africa (Namibia) and Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) in order to stem the revolutionary onslaught. The training of the police had to be drastically adapted to enable them to meet this task. This training also conflicted with classic policing methods where minimum force may be used and where the main objective is to bring charges against a suspect and to bring him before the court. Police work became a life or death struggle which hinged on the extermination of the enemy. The policeman was compelled to kill or be killed.

  • The revolutionary struggle was seen as an East-West struggle both internally and externally and the Soviet Union’s involvement and support for the ANC added the element of Soviet expansionism.

  • Members of the police force, particularly members of the Security Branch, were regularly exposed to the carnage and violence which resulted from this conflict. It was a regular tactic of the ANC to set up mines and explosive devices in such a way that the first explosion drew the police to the scene while the second mine or explosive device would explode some while afterwards with the aim of harming the police. Several members of the police force were brutally killed in this fashion.

  • Members of the Security Branch were often at scenes where motorcar-bombs, landmines, limpet mines or other explosive devices had been detonated and their colleagues as well as defenceless people, including women and children, were blown apart and body-parts flung over a wide area, and had to help gather up the body-parts. This inevitably left an indelible impression on the minds of policemen on the scene which, in many cases, led to a hardening in their attitude towards members of revolutionary groups and their supporters.

  • Vociferous statements by politicians that the ANC had to be wiped out roots and all, ambiguous instructions and the covert manner in which they were given created the impression that everything possible had to be done to wipe out the ANC. Due to all of these factors, it was impossible for the Security Branch to combat the ANC threat with the legal means at their disposal. The desperate situation which prevailed led to desperate measures. In these circumstances Mr PW Botha and other members of his cabinet themselves authorised or tacitly approved actions which fell outside the usual letter of the law. This inevitably led to members of the Security Branch, who were at the forefront of the struggle against terror, taking the law into their own hands.

It is widely known that no power in the world has been able to combat large scale and well organised terror, which carries the express or tacit approval of the majority of the people of that country, by legal means. There are several examples to support this view and, without exception, powers who became involved in such revolutionary struggles had to resort to unconventional means to combat them. The war that Britain fought in Malaya is a case in point! South Africa was no exception since the police had to protect the population against the terror attacks of revolutionary organisations while the majority of the black population supported them, whether voluntarily or as a result of severe intimidation.

From the very beginning the TRC-process was characterised by a one-sided approach in which members of the Security Branch were often harshly discriminated against. To qualify for amnesty, former members of the Security Branch had to meet the following requirements:
  • They had to prove that the unlawful acts in which they were involved were associated with a political objective and committed in the conflict of the past

  • That the acts were committed in the course and scope of their duties and within the scope of their express or implied authority and

  • They had to make a full disclosure.

These provisions of The Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act made a mockery of the closing passages of the Interim Constitution which expressly determines that amnesty shall be granted in respect of any action or omission associated with a political objective and committed in the conflict of the past.. It is clear that Mr de Klerk and former ministers of the National Party, who were involved in drafting these provisions, did not have the foggiest idea of the conditions under which the security forces carried out these deeds or else they didn’t really care.

The findings of the various amnesty committees were divergent and there were many shortcomings as Judge Andrew Wilson, Advocates Chris de Jager and Francis Bosman, as well as Mr Wynand Malan, who served on the amnesty committees, will immediately concede. The minority decision, delivered by Mr Wynand Malan in the Maponya case, serves as an excellent example of how some members of the amnesty committees erred in their judgement. Mr Malan’s minority judgement in the Maponya case can be found at: http://www.doj.gov.za/trc/decisions/2001/ac21272b.htm). A striking pattern also becomes noticeable when one looks at the composition of those amnesty commissions where amnesty was denied to ex-members of the security branch and minority judgements were passed.

Most probably the greatest shortcoming in the whole process was that no provision was ever made for some or other form of administrative revision. That meant that, where an amnesty committee reached an incorrect conclusion and amnesty was denied, the person who was denied amnesty had to approach the Supreme Court for an administrative revision. The legal costs in such cases can be enormous and amount to a million rand or more, which made it unaffordable to most ex-members of the Security Branch. Besides, the grounds on which a revision could be applied for were far more restrictive than in ordinary criminal cases.

It was indeed a glaring injustice which ex-members of the Security Branch were subjected to !

In the Motherwell amnesty trial, where amnesty was refused to the late Col Gideon Nieuwoudt and other former members of the Security Branch, Advocate Louis Visser and Mr Jan Wagener agreed to represent Brig du Toit and Col Nieuwoudt in their application for revision on a contingency basis.

The application for a revision was heard by a Full Bench of Judges of the Cape Supreme Court on 23 November 2001. Judge Jeanette Traverso-Coetzee acted as presiding judge and was assisted by Judges Dennis Davies and Jerome Ngwenya. All three judges unanimously adjudged the findings of the amnesty committee in the case of Brig. du Toit and W/O Ras to be incorrect and set them aside. Judge Davis was of the opinion that the amnesty committee was correct in refusing Col Nieuwoudt’s application for amnesty. The other two judges, however, disagreed with him and set aside the findings in the case of Col Nieuwoudt as well. The Court ordered that a new amnesty hearing be held.

In the subsequent amnesty trial, amnesty was granted to Brig. du Toit and W/O Ras but amnesty was refused in the case of Col Nieuwoudt. According to Adv Visser and Mr Wagener, the Amnesty Committee once again erred in their finding and they would once again recommended an application for revision.. However, Col Nieuwoudt passed away shortly thereafter. This means that such a process could carry on indefinitely.

In the case of the PEBCO 3, where Col Deon Nieuwoudt, Capt Sakkie van Zyl and Sgt Johannes Koole were refused amnesty and subsequently charged with murder, application for revision was already made more than three years ago. This application has been delayed for more than three years by the Department of Justice who fail to give their answer. As a result the trial has been indefinitely postponed.

During 1985, Col Eugene de Kock and members of the Vlakplaas Unit shot and killed six members of Umkhonto we Sizwe in Lesotho. Unfortunately non-MK members were also killed during this incident. This group of six MK members was on the verge of infiltrating South Africa with the intention of sowing death and destruction during the Christmas season.

During the amnesty trial there was uncertainty regarding who gave the orders for the raid and General Johan van der Merwe accepted responsibility. At that stage he was Second-in-Command of the Security Branch of the South African Police and held the rank of Brigadier. At the amnesty trial, Advocate Danny Berger, who appeared for the victims, admitted openly that the MK members were on the point of infiltrating the country to sow death and destruction.

Adv Berger advanced the argument that one of the reasons why amnesty should not be granted to General van der Merwe is because, according to evidence he gave, he acted in order to defend the country. It therefore amounted to self-defence, which is not a misdemeanour for which amnesty can be granted.

During the hearing some uncertainty existed as to the role of the Coordinating Intelligence Committee (CIC) as well as that of the State Security Council during this action. During the proceedings Dr Niel Barnard, chairman of the CIC, denied all knowledge of the involvement of the Security Branch in this incident and alleged that only during the amnesty hearings of Col Eugene de Kock, which took place during 1997, did he become aware that members of the Security Branch were involved.

Dr Niel Barnard was director-general of the National Intelligence Service during 1985 and also the personal security advisor to the State President, Mr P W Botha. Dr Neil van Heerden, the director general of Foreign Affairs, who also gave evidence, admitted that he had only learnt that Members of the Security Branch were involved in this incident six months after it had taken place.

It was common knowledge amongst members of the Intelligence Community, which included the National Intelligence Service, that Eugene de Kock and members of his unit had shot the MK members in Lesotho.

As a matter of fact it would have come as a great shock if that had not been the case. Seen in this light it is very strange that it took Dr. Barnard 12 years to become aware of these facts.

Soon after the event, medals for bravery were awarded to Col Eugene de Kock and members of his unit who were involved in this incident, by the Minister of Law and Order, Mr Louis le Grange, with the approval of the State President, Mr P W Botha. They were clearly both aware of the true facts on this incident. Nevertheless Judges Ronnie Pillay and Sissy Khampepe refused to grant Gen van der Merwe amnesty. Advocate Francis Bosman delivered a minority finding in which she recommended that amnesty be granted.

According to all the evidence presented, the actions of Col Eugene de Kock and members of his unit in this case prevented death and destruction. This highlights anew the shocking manner in which the role played by former members of the security forces in protecting the community, was disregarded by Mr de Klerk and his colleagues.

On the 25th of July 1993, defenceless churchgoers, including women and children, were attacked in St James’s Church, Cape Town, with AK 47 rifles and 11 were cold-bloodedly killed and several others were wounded. Dr Allan Boesak made the following comment regarding this incident:
“We are horrified and deeply distressed by the savage attack on the congregation at St James's Church, Kenilworth, yesterday evening. Not only is this a monstrous crime against humanity, but also a shameful desecration of a place of prayer and worship.

This is the latest in a series of barbaric and vicious armed attacks that have taken place since the announcement of significant agreements at the World Trade Centre. This tragedy can only strengthen our belief that there are dark forces at work, determined to wreck all efforts to build peace and democracy in our country.

We wish to express our deepest and most sincere sympathies with the families of the deceased in their grief. From the bottom of our hearts we wish them the strength and courage to endure a tragedy that goes beyond the personal and must affect our country as a whole.

We call on the security forces to launch an immediate and urgent investigation into this terrible crime and to bring its perpetrators to justice. For the sake of all South Africans, it is absolutely crucial that the sinister forces behind these horrifying attacks are brought to book before they can do any more damage.”

Issued by Allan Boesak, Chairperson.

During the amnesty hearing of the APLA members involved, the following finding was made:
“APLA has publicly accepted responsibility for this attack and in its submission to the TRC it stated:
“It should therefore not surprise anyone that targets like the St James Church, King Williams Town Golf Club, Heildeberg Tavern etc. were selected. The leadership of the APLA takes full responsibility for all these operations. The APLA forces who carried out these operations followed the directives from their commanders and those directives were from the highest echelons of the military leadership. We do not therefore regret that such operations took place and there is therefore nothing to ask forgiveness for”

Mr Letlapa Mphahlele, the President of the PAC and the man responsible for giving the orders for these attacks, was initially prosecuted and appeared in court for these murders but the case was postponed and has since faded away.

It is striking that, while persons like Mr Jacques Pauw and other like-minded people insist vehemently at every opportunity that former members of the Security Branch must be prosecuted, they make no mention of cases like that of Mr Letlapa Mphahlele and the NEC of the ANC.

There is great confusion regarding the number of NEC members who applied for amnesty. Initially there were 37 members, which subsequently increased but, as a result of mal-administration on the part of the TRC, became so entangled that it is difficult to determine what the a actual number is. Nevertheless, they were all refused amnesty. In their application for amnesty, members of the NEC expressed themselves as follows:
……””””We, the applicants, having at various times between 1 March 1960 and 10 May 1994, as indicated below, been members and leaders of the African National Congress (hereinafter referred to as the ANC) elected and/or appointed to serve in various structures including its highest organ, the NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, do hereby make the following declaration:

During the said period, the ANC played the foremost role in the leadership of the struggle of the masses of our people for the end of the hateful system of apartheid, appropriately dubbed a crime against humanity by the international community.

In the course of our people’s struggle, with the intent to induce the apartheid government of the National Party to abandon apartheid with its concomitant violent repression, and with the intent to achieve, bring about and promote fundamental political, social and economic changes in the Republic, the ANC inter alia, established its military wing, UMKHONTO WE SIZWE, through which it prosecuted an armed struggle.

At all material times UMKHONTO WE SIZWE operated under (the) political authority, direction and leadership of the ANC.

Due to its peculiar circumstances, and the attacks mounted upon it by its adversary, the apartheid government, the ANC established various organs at various times such as the RC, PMC and a security organ NAT which at all material times also operated under its authority, direction and leadership.

Due to the circumstances which prevailed in the townships in the early 1990’s as a result of third force activities, the leadership of the ANC established and in some instances encouraged the establishment of SELF DEFENCE UNITS (SDU’s) which played a critical role in the defence of defenceless communities.

In the event, and to the extent that any of the activities of the above mentioned institutions and structures, including the SDU’s, could in any manner whatsoever be regarded as the kind of acts or omissions or offences envisaged in the PROMOTION OF NATIONAL UNITY AND RECONCILIATION ACT, we collectively take full responsibility therefore (sic) applying for amnesty in respect thereof……….””””.


Church street bomb carnage - Nelson Mandela created the terrorist group called "Mkhonto we sizwe" (MK for short). MK murdered far more black people than white, and far more civilians than police or military, as in the Church street bomb shown above.

Church street bomb carnage: Nineteen people died in this incident, most being civilians of all races. They were referred to as 'crossfire' casualties. Another 219 suffered various degrees of injuries. The ANC's armed terrorist wing, Mkonto e Siswe, was under the command of Ronnie Casrils.

Church street bomb carnage: A beheaded victim of the notorious 'Church Street Bomb', 1983.

Church street bomb carnage: The car was packed full of explosives and parked in Church St., Pretoria, peak hour traffic, in the middle of thousands of unarmed civilians, both black and white.

One of the most shocking incidents of terror in South African history occurred on 20 May 1983. A motor car loaded with powerful explosives was detonated at around four o’clock in the afternoon right in front of a Nedbank Square building. (Commonly known as Nedbank Square Maritime House). Altogether 19 people died, including 12 civilians and 7 members of the army. In total 219 people were either severely injured or maimed, of which 217 were civilians and 2 were army members.

In his book “The Long Walk to Freedom”, Mr Mandela expressed his regret over the incident but, at the same time, stated that the ANC accepted that incidents of this nature would occur during the armed struggle.

Various members of the NEC were not in the country when these attacks were at their fiercest levels and, as such, escaped prosecution.

During 1996, Col de Kock was found guilty in the Supreme Court in Pretoria and was sentenced to life plus 80 years imprisonment for the five murders that took place at Nelspruit. In total he received two life sentences plus 212 years imprisonment on six other counts of murder (including that of Japie Maponya), various counts of attempted murder and other charges.

With the exception of the murders that took place at Nelspruit, the various amnesty committees found that all the other incidents were committed with a political objective and were, in fact, connected to the conflict of the past. He was refused amnesty on two of these counts as it was felt he had not made a full disclosure. Application for a revision of these cases would unquestionably have succeeded. However, even Adv Hattingh, who appeared on behalf of Col de Kock in all of his amnesty hearings, conceded that there was no possibility of a successful revision in the Nelspruit case. It would therefore not have benefited him to apply for a revision.

Sometimes the impression is created that Eugene de Kock is in a fix while the generals are scot-free - but this stems from ignorance of the facts. In the Nelspruit case, Col de Kock tried to implicate General Krappies Engelbrecht but, during the criminal and amnesty hearings, conclusive evidence was presented to the effect that his assertions were unfounded.

In the Rapport of 10 January 2010, Jacques Pauw insisted, inter alia, that Gen Engelbrecht be brought to trial. It is not clear whether this stems from malice or from an inability to grasp the evidence given during the criminal and amnesty hearings.

There isn’t a shred of evidence on which Gen Engelbrecht can be prosecuted and we challenge Mr Pauw to demonstrate on what grounds he believes Gen Engelbrecht could be charged.

There is no evidence whatsoever that any of the generals was implicated in any of the murders which Col de Kock was found guilty of. In the Maponya case General le Roux was still a colonel and was refused amnesty along with Col de Kock.

However, as Mr Malan ably demonstrated in his minority finding, amnesty was wrongly denied in the Maponya case. Mr Pauw and any of his like-minded colleagues can quite safely read Mr Malan’s finding and perhaps get someone with a legal background to explain it to them.

Apparently the principle of equality before the law had to give way before the harsh manner in which prosecution of former members of the Security Branch was insisted upon. As any advocate experienced in criminal law will confirm, on the basis of common purpose there exists, purely from what can be seen, damning evidence to prosecute all those members of the NEC who were not granted amnesty. It is striking, however, that no one seems to insist that equality before the law should be maintained.

Lately the possible pardoning of Col de Eugene de Kock has been severely criticised and persons, who presumably haven’t the vaguest idea what Afrikaner character is all about, loudly condemned the move on behalf of the Afrikaner. They have even less insight into the disgusting and objectionable conditions Col de Kock was exposed to during his career in the police.

On various occasions he was decorated with medals for gallantry. During the negotiation process the members of the Vlakplaas Unit became an embarrassment for Mr de Klerk and his cabinet who were more concerned about winning favour with the ANC at that stage. As a result they had to get rid of the unit. Members of the unit were treated like lepers and this undoubtedly caused much bitterness within their ranks.

While negotiations regarding amnesty were in progress and a general amnesty for all was being strongly considered, Judge Goldstone began to investigate cases against Col de Kock and other members of the Security Branch, which were associated with a political objective and committed in the conflict of the past. Gen Johan van der Merwe approached Mr de Klerk and objected to this and called for the investigation to be stopped - but Mr de Klerk wouldn’t hear of it indicating that it would give the impression that he was trying to cover up the atrocities of the Security Branch.

Members of the South African Police were expressly forbidden by Mr de Klerk to investigate similar charges against members of the ANC. Had the principal of equality before the law been adhered to, and law and justice prevailed, the investigation of all such cases would have been put on hold until there was clarity surrounding the matter of amnesty. Had this been the case, Col de Kock would, without doubt, have received a lighter sentence because he could only have been prosecuted for the Nelspruit incident and on the theft charges. The judge would also have had the advantage of knowing material facts uncovered during the amnesty process, which would definitely have set the hearings in a different light.

In a letter to Rapport on 10 January 2010 Mr Koos van der Merwe, well known member of Parliament and one of the few remaining political leaders of the old dispensation who has the courage of his convictions and who has the backbone to state his case in public, said as follows
“””Die Redakteur
Rapport
Deur epos: rapport@rapport.co.za

Geagte redaksie

Na aanleiding van Jacques Pauw se ope brief aan president Zuma in Rapport van 10 deser, skryf ek hiermee ook ‘n ope brief aan die president. Mnr Pauw pleit emosioneel daarvoor dat president Zuma moet woordhou om “elkeen van die polisiemanne wat gemoor het, aan die pen te laat ry”. Mnr Pauw het die saak teen die polisie gestel en ek wil graag help om die saak teen ANC-moordenaars te stel. Audi alteram partem. Ek reageer nie op die Eugene de Kok-saga nie en stem met Rapport se mening daaroor saam.


Geagte president Zuma

Ek aanvaar dat u kennis geneem het van mnr Jacques Pauw se beroep op u in Rapport van 10 deser om woord te hou deur “elkeen van die polisiemanne wat gemoor het, aan die pen te laat ry”. U sou hierdie belofte in Februarie 1990 aan hom in Harare gemaak het.

Sou u aan mnr Pauw se oproep gehoor gee en opdrag gee dat vervolgings teen die polisie van die ou Suid-Afrika ingestel word, is die vraag of u dan ook al die ANC-lede wat moord en ander wreedhede gepleeg het, “aan die pen gaan laat ry”. Mnr Pauw is klaarblyklik nie gepla met die moorde en wreedhede wat die ANC gepleeg het nie.

As ons dan na 16 jaar nog nie die hoofstuk oor ons apartheidsverlede wil afsluit nie, dan kan u sekerlik in alle billikheid nie net een kant vervolg en die ander met moord laat wegkom nie. Vergun my asseblief die geleentheid om kortliks besonderhede van ANC-moorde en wreedhede te gee, wat tans nog ongestraf is.

Amnesty International (Sien Amnesty International 2 December 1992: All Index: AFR 53/27/92) het in 1992 ‘n 24 bladsy verdoemende verslag teen die ANC uitgebring en bevind onder andere –
“For a dozen years or more, prisoners of the ANC were subjected to torture, ill-treatment and executions. These abuses took place at military and prison camps run by the ANC in several African countries, notably Angola, Zambia, Tanzania and Uganda...”
Volgens Amnesty was die slagoffers hoofsaaklik lede van MK. Die ANC se verduideliking van die wreedhede is dat hulle agente van die Suid-Afrikaanse regering was. Die waarheid is dat baie van hulle inderdaad bona fide MK-lede was wat bloot oor toestande gekla en vrae oor ANC-beleid geopper het. “In either case,” bevind Amnesty, “torture and execution of prisoners cannot be justified”.

Amnesty beskryf die aaklige omstandighede van die ANC-aangehoudenes in die ANC-kampe. Aangehoudenes kon hulself en hul klere slegs eenkeer in ‘n aantal weke was. Net een drom water is gebruik en is van sel tot sel aangestuur sodat meeste selle ‘n drom “water” gekry het wat dik van die vuil was. Daar was geen kans om komberse te was nie, wat spoedig met luise besmet was. Sommige aangehoudenes het gekla dat hulle slegs een koppie drinkwater per dag gekry het. Siektes, soos malaria en maagkoors, het uitgebreek en daar was geen geneesheer beskikbaar nie en eerstehulp-personeel was in die algemeen onsimpatiek en het selfs aangehoudenes aangerand. Marteling en wrede aanrandings het algemeen voorgekom.

Aangesien mnr Pauw ‘n aantal voorbeelde genoem het, doen ek dieselfde.

  • MK-lede wat in Angola aangehou was, het verskeie kere in opstand gekom. In 1984 is ‘n opstand in die Pango-kamp onderdruk; die opstandelinge is aan bome vasgemaak; aangerand; geslaan en gesmelte plastiek is op hul naakte liggame gedrup. Sewe is aangekla en deur ‘n ANC-sekuriteitsbeamte verhoor; sonder regverteenwoordiging; is skuldig bevind en doodgeskiet.

  • In Nova Instalacao-kamp is aangehoudenes in donker, klam selle aangehou sonder komberse of matrasse en moes op betonvloere slaap. Toilette was geblokkeer en urine en ontlasting het in die selle ingevloei. Kos was bitter skaars, siektes volop en mediese hulp onverkrygbaar. Selby Msimang en Ben Thibane het gesterf.

  • Marteling het veral ook in die Revolutionary Council-gebou in Lusaka plaasgevind met knuppels, draad, tuinslange, doringdraad, staalpype, fietskettings, lippe is met brandende sigarette gebrand, testikels is met tange geknyp en elektriese skokke is toegedien. Soms is voetsole geslaan en sommige is in watergevulde selle aangehou. Sommige gevangenes is gedwing om op rooimier-neste te sit.

  • Thabo Twala is in Maart 1990 in “Sun City”-kamp in Lusaka doodgeslaan.

  • Senior MK-bevelvoerder Thami Zulu is in November 1989 dood nadat hy 14 maande lank aangehou is.

  • Mzwai Piliso, ‘n ANC-sekuriteitshoof, het erken dat gevangenes aangerand en op die voetsole geslaan is.

  • Amnesty se verslag bevat volle besonderhede van die ANC-wreedhede.

Daar is ook die boek MBOKODO van Mwezi Twala en Ed Benard wat in 1994 verkyn het. Twala is self in ANC-kampe aangehou en vertel van sy onmenslike ondervindings.

President Mandela het in 1991 ‘n Kommissie van Ondersoek aangestel om die beweerde wanpraktyke te ondersoek. Die Kommissie bevind dat daar wyd verspreide martelings en mishandling was en dat die gebeure nie versinsels van ANC-vyande is nie. Die Kommissie se beperkte mandaat het verhoed dat bevindings oor moord en “verdwynings” gemaak kon word. Sommige getuies is wreed aangetas, gebroke en hul lewens is verwoes deur armoede, onderbroke skoolgaan en ongeskiktheid.

Die Kommissie maak die belangrike aanbeveling dat ‘n werklik onafhanklike ondersoek ingestel word om die moorde en “verdwynings” te ondersoek, wat natuurlik nog nooit gebeur het nie.

Die Kommissie het ‘n vertroulike lys name aan president Mandela gegee van persone wat na bewering skuldig aan die wandade was, maar sê die lys moenie tot die genoemdes beperk word nie. Die ANC het nie die name bekend gemaak nie.

Geagte president, dan is daar die voorlegging wat mnr FW de Klerk in 1996 aan die WVK gemaak het waarin hy onder andere sê 505 mense is wreed met die sogenaamde halssnoer-metode om die lewens gebring.

Ek doen met eerbied aan die hand, mnr die president, dat as u sou besluit om mnr Pauw se advies te volg, u dan almal wat oortree het, laat vervolg. Ook die ANC-skuldiges.

U sien, niemand is nog ooit oor die moorde en wreedhede in die ANC-kampe vervolg nie. Niemand is ook nog ooit vir die onbeskryflik aaklige halssnoer-moorde vervolg nie.

Ten slotte, mnr die president, anders as mnr Pauw, doen ek ‘n beroep op u om die boek oor die verlede te sluit. Laat ons eerder die item “versoening” die ereplek heel bo aan ons sakelys gee.

Die uwe


JH VAN DER MERWE LP”””
rapportpauw100110

The audi alteram partem rule, which is the foundation of natural justice, has never been applied to members of the Security Branch. This rule has been replaced by the rule: “The Law is determined by those who make the loudest noise and who talk and write the most and fill the empty spaces in, especially Afrikaans, newspapers” – and they are, without exception, those who for some or other reason have a grudge against the former Security Branch - people like messers Max du Preez, Jazques Pauw and other like-minded people who, in the past, leaned towards the ANC. The time has come when the people of South Africa must take note of what really happened in the past and that past events be viewed with more empathy and understanding for the sacrifices made by members of the Security Branch at great personal cost to themselves and their families. Should equality before the law be upheld and everybody to whom annesty was refused in the past be prosecuted and should any sense of law and justice remain, it should start with the members of the NEC of the ANC. The real issue is whether, by doing this, expression is given to the final paragraph of the Interem Constitution, which also forms the foundation for the present Constitution. A quotation from the closing paragraphs of the Interim Constitution reads as follows:
The adoption of this Constitution lays the secure foundation for the people of South Africa to transcend the divisions and strife of the past, which generated gross violations of human rights, the transgression of humanitarian principles in violent conflicts and a legacy of hatred, fear guilt and revenge.

These can now be addressed on the basis that there is a need for understanding but not for vengeance, a need for reparation but not for retaliation, a need for ubuntu but not for victimization.

In order to advance such reconciliation and reconstruction, amnesty shall be granted in respect of acts, omissions and offences associated with political objectives and committed in the course of the conflicts of the past
…….”

Apart from the fact that the one-sided prosecution of former members of the Security Branch will be a gross violation of the principle of equality before the law, perhaps the most important principle of the Constitution, it will also be in glaring contrast to the provisions and essence of the concluding paragraph of the Interim Constitution and will once again flare up the hatred and discord of the past. Is this the kind of justice and future that some persons and members of the media envisaged for South Africa?

Seen as a whole and taking into account everything that has happened, it is a crying shame that Col de Kock hasn’t yet been pardoned.

General Johan van der Merwe is a former Commissioner of the South African Police Force and the Commanding Officer of the Security Branch of the SA Police Force from 01 January 1986 to August 1988, who was actively engaged in the conflict of the past and the TRC-proceedings.

» » » » [(PDF) submitted as Evidentiary Document to UBUNTU BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE: [E] SOCIO-LEGAL-POLITICAL ILLEGITIMACY OF TRC SOCIAL CONTRACT (PDF), by 1st Amicus, in Concourt 23-10: The Citizen vs. Robert McBride] » » [ZA: White Refugee]




Die Konflik van die Verlede: ‘n Feitlike Oorsig

deur Generaal Johan van der Merwe


A long night's damage: Working for the Apartheid State; by Eugene De Kock [Amazon]
[Eugene de Kock & TRC PR publicity stunt]

Na meer as twee dekades nadat die staatkundige onderhandelinge begin het en die ANC asook die ander rewolusionêre organisasies die gewapende stryd laat vaar het, bestaan daar tans grootskaalse verwarring en onkunde oor die wese van die geweld wat sedert 1960 tot 1990 in Suid-Afrika gewoed het.

Die WVK wat onbetwisbaar oorwegend uit ANC-ondersteuners of simpatiseerders bestaan het, het die grondslag gelê vir 'n propaganda- veldtog waaraan die SABC en sekere lede van die media lustig meegedoen het.

'n Enkele voorbeeld van die wyse waarop hierdie propagandaveldtog gevoer is, spreek uit 'n program wat SABC 3 se Special Assignment op 18 November 2008 aangebied het oor die konflik van die verlede.

Dit is so eensydig en verwronge aangebied dat die Stigting vir Gelykheid voor die Reg genoodsaak was om 'n klagte by die Onafhanklike Uitsaai Klagte Kommissie aanhangig te maak. Na 'n verhoor het die Onafhanklike Uitsaai Klagte Kommissie soos volg bevind :-
“Taking all these facts into consideration, the Tribunal is of the view that one-sided impressions were created in the programme, which are to the detriment of the security force officers. This does not mean that we are of the opinion that these officers were innocent of any atrocities. They (or some of them) admitted to such atrocities. What we find is that there was not sufficient balance in presenting this particular programme, because a lasting impression is created in the mind of the reasonable viewer, firstly, that the security officers were the only people who committed atrocities during the armed struggle, and, secondly, that they then tried to prevent victims from giving evidence against them at the TRC hearings. In finding thus, it is not our intention to interfere with the editorial prerogative of the presenter. The presenter is free to take a particular angle or line and to emphasize aspects that he or she considers to be more important than others. However, when the presenter is dealing with controversial issues of public importance, he or she should treat all parties involved in the issue fairly, and see to it that balance is obtained in presenting different viewpoints. If this is not done, the broadcast can deteriorate into propaganda, a situation that cannot be allowed in any democracy.”

Voorbeelde van hierdie soort propaganda verskyn gereeld in die koerante en dit is te betreur dat sekere Afrikaanse Koerante hetsy vanweë onkunde of verslaggewers met bedenklike motiewe dikwels die leiding neem. Dit is ook jammer dat mnr. F W de Klerk en ander voormalige ministers van die Nasionale Party hulle nooit verwerdig om skewe en verwronge verslae oor die konflik van die verlede reg te stel nie.
Die volgende feite word uit die oog verloor, doelbewus verontagsaam of kwaadwilliglik verdraai :





  • Die RSA was vir drie dekades in 'n verwoede terreurstryd gewikkel waar die ANC en ander rewolusionêre organisasies die regering met geweld omver wou werp.

  • Motorkarbomme, landmyne, kleefmyne en ander ploftoestelle het op 'n gereelde grondslag ontplof en weerlose persone, van alle rassegroepe wat vrouens en kinders ingesluit het, is gedood of gru vermink en die gemeenskap sodoende daagliks bedreig. Kleefmyne in Wimpy restourante en ploftoestelle in vullishouers of terreuraanvalle waar persone voor die voet afgemaai kan word, ongeag of dit vrouens of kinders is, was daagliks 'n wesenlike bedreiging. Sekere winkelsentra het veiligheidswagte gehad om alle plastiese sakke en houers te deursoek alvorens klante tot 'n winkel toegelaat is. Die Kerkstraatbomvoorval en die St. Jameskerkvoorval was kenmerkend van die roekelose en barbaarse wyse waarop rewolusionêre organisasies die stryd gevoer het. Druk uit alle oorde is daagliks op die polisie, veral die veiligheidstak geplaas om die gemeenskap teen hierdie bedreiging te beskerm. Oënskynlik onthou niemand meer die standpunte wat in daardie jare deur die regering, media, kerk en samelewing gehuldig is dat die terreurvoorvalle tot elke prys gestuit moes word nie.

  • Polisielede is deur die ANC as harde teikens beskou en aanvalle op lede en hulle gesinne het gereeld voorgekom. Veral swart lede wat in swart woonbuurtes gewoon het was daagliks blootgestel aan hierdie gevaar. In sekere gebiede moes swart lede en hulle gesinne in tente in veilige gebiede buite die swartwoonbuurte gehuisves word om hulle teen die aanslag van die ANC te beskerm. Gedurende die tydperk 1973 tot 1990 is 346 polisielede in die rewolusionêre stryd vermoor.

  • Waar daar die geringste vermoede bestaan het dat 'n persoon inligting aan die polisie verstrek het of met die polisie saamgewerk het, is so 'n persoon as 'n “colaborator” gebrandmerk en op die mees onmenslike en barbaarse wyse met die sogenaamde halssnoermetode lewendig verbrand. Gedurende die tydperk 1/9/84 tot 31/3/93 is 505 persone, uitsluitlik lede van die swart gemeenskap, lewendig deur die halssnoermetode verbrand. 36 Persone wat betyds gered kon word, het ernstige brandwonde opgedoen.. In dieselfde tydperk is 710 persone, weereens slegs lede van die swart gemeenskap, lewendig verbrand en 320 het ernstige brandwonde opgedoen. Dit het die polisie se vermoë om inligting uit die swart gemeenskap te bekom of om persone te kry om teen lede van Umkhonto we Sizwe en ander rewolusionêre organisasies te getuig, bykans vernietig. Sodoende het die wetlike bevoegdhede waaroor die polisie beskik het, kragteloos geword. Selfs die afkondiging van 'n noodtoestand en noodregulasies was onvoldoende om die terreur aan bande te lê. Op 26 September 1992 het die vorige regering en die ANC 'n sogenaamde ‘RECORD OF UNDERSTANDING “ gesluit waarvolgens 176 gevangenes vrygelaat is. Een van die bepalings van hierdie ooreenkoms het soos volg gelui :
    “The two parties agreed that all prisoners whose imprisonment is related to the conflict of the past and whose release could make a contribution to reconciliation should be released.”

  • Met die uitsondering van Barend Strydom, die sogenaamde Wit Wolf, is die ander gevangenes almal op aandrang van die ANC vrygelaat. Dit het verskeie persone ingesluit wat weens halssnoermoorde lang gevangenisstrafvonnisse uitgedien het. Sodoende het die ANC baie duidelik laat blyk dat die halssnoermoorde deel van hulle rewolusionêre stryd uitgemaak het en inderdaad gepleeg is om hulle belange te bevorder. Die afgryslike dade wat sommige van hierdie gevangenes gepleeg het, oorskadu verreweg die dade waarby Eugene de Kock betrokke was.

  • Lede van die S A Polisiemag is in Suidwes-Afrika (Namibië) asook Rhodesië (Zimbabwe) gebruik om die rewolusionêre aanslag te stuit. Die opleiding van die polisie moes drasties aangepas word om hulle vir hierdie taak toe te rus. Dit het ook ernstig ingedruis teen klassieke polisiëring waar minimum geweld gebruik moet word en wat suiwer daarop gerig is om 'n misdaad aan die man te bring sodat die misdadiger voor die hof kan verskyn. Dit was 'n stryd om lewe en dood waar dit gegaan het om die uitwissing van die vyand. Die lid van die polisie was genoodsaak om dood te maak of self te sterf.

  • Die rewolusionêre stryd in Suid-Afrika is plaaslik, maar ook internasionaal belewe as 'n Oos-Wesstryd en die Sowjet-unie se betrokkenheid en steun aan die ANC het ook die element van sowjet-ekspansionisme bygebring. Amerika het die ANC as 'n terroristiese organisasie verklaar.

  • Lede van die polisie, insonderheid die veiligheidstak van die S A Polisiemag, was daagliks aan geweld en al die grusame dade wat daaruit voortgespruit het, blootgestel. Dit was 'n algemene tegniek van lede van Umkhonto we Sizwe om kleefmyne en ander ploftoestelle so te stel dat die eerste ontploffing die polisie na die toneel lok en 'n tweede kleefmyn of ploftoestel 'n tyd daarna ontplof om die lede van die polisie te tref. Verskeie lede van die polisie is op hierdie wyse wreed vermoor.

  • Lede van die veiligheidstak moes dikwels op tonele waar 'n motorkarbom, landmyn, kleefmyn of ander ploftoestel ontplof het en hulle eie makkers asook ander weerlose persone wat vrouens en kinders ingesluit het, aan stukke geruk en die liggaamsdele oor 'n wye terrein geslinger is, help om liggaamsdele bymekaar te maak. Dit het onvermydelik 'n onuitwisbare indruk op die gemoed van sodanige lede gemaak wat in sekere gevalle tot 'n verharding in hulle houding jeens lede of ondersteuners van rewolusionêre organisasies gelei het. In baie gevalle is die trauma en stres wat gevolg het, onderdruk, omdat die eise wat daar daagliks aan hulle gestel is nie ruimte gelaat het dat daar aandag aan hierdie probleme gegee word nie.

  • Kragdadige standpunte deur politieke leiers dat die ANC met wortel en tak uitgeroei moes word, dubbelsinnige opdragte en die koverte wyse waarop dit oorgedra is, het by lede van die veiligheidsmagte die indruk geskep dat alles moontlik gedoen moet word om die ANC uit te wis en dat dit van hulle verwag word om buite perke van die reg op te tree om dit te doen. Vanweë al die faktore wat reeds genoem is, was dit in ieder geval vir lede van die veiligheidstak onmoontlik om die terreuraanslag met behulp van die wetlike middele waaroor hulle beskik het, te bestry.

  • Mnr. P W Botha en ander lede van sy kabinet het self in die omstandighede optrede buite die gewone bepalings van die reg gemagtig of stilswyend goedgekeur. Dit het noodwendig daartoe gelei dat lede van die veiligheidstak wat aan die spits gestaan het van die stryd teen terreur ook die wet in eie hande geneem het. Die desperate omstandighede wat geheers het, het tot desperate maatreëls gelei.

Dit is alom bekend dat geen moondheid in die wêreld grootskaalse terreur wat die nadruklike of stilswyende goedkeuring van die meerderheid van die bevolking in 'n land weggedra het, met behulp van wetlike middele kon bestry nie. Daar is talle voorbeelde om hierdie stelling te staaf en sonder uitsondering was moondhede wat by so 'n stryd betrokke geraak het, verplig om nie-konvensionele maatreëls te gebruik om dit te bestry. Die wyse waarop Brittanje die oorlog in Maleisië gevoer het, is sprekend daarvan. Suid-Afrika was geen uitsondering nie waar die polisie die gemeenskap teen die terreuraanvalle van rewolusionêre organisasies moes beskerm onderwyl die meerderheid van die swart bevolking, hetsy vrywillig of weens intimidasie, dit gesteun het. Terreur het in die algemeen 'n bose kringloop en elke voorval het kragte ontketen wat tot meer geweld gelei het.

Die WVK-proses is uit die staanspoor gekenmerk deur 'n eensydige benadering waar daar dikwels op growwe wyse teen oud-lede van die veiligheidstak gediskrimineer is.
Om vir amnestie te kwalifiseer moes oud-lede van die veiligheidstak aan die volgende vereistes voldoen :
  • Hulle moes 'n volle blootlegging doen

  • Hulle moes bewys dat die daad waarvoor amnestie verlang word met 'n politieke oogmerk verband gehou het en in die konflik van die verlede gepleeg is.

  • Hulle moes bewys dat sodanige dade in die loop van en binne die omvang van hulle pligte en binne die omvang van hulle uitdruklike of versweë bevoegdheid geskied het

Hierdie bepalings van die Wet op die Bevordering van Nasionale Eenheid en Versoening het 'n bespotting gemaak van die bepalings van die slotgedeelte van die Tussentydse Grondwet waar nadruklik bepaal is dat amnestie verleen moet word ten opsigte van enige daad of versuim wat met 'n politieke oogmerk verband gehou het en in die konflik van die verlede gepleeg is. Dit is duidelik dat mnr. De Klerk en voormalige ministers van die Nasionale Party wat by die opstel van hierdie bepalings betrokke was hulle hoegenaamd nie verwerdig het om te bepaal wat hierdie bepalings in die praktyk vir lede van die veiligheidsmagte ingehou het nie.

Die bevindings van die verskillende amnestiekomitees was uiteenlopend en vol gebreke soos regter Andrew Wilson, advokate Chris de Jager en Francis Bosman asook mnr. Wynand Malan wat in die amnestiekomitees gedien het, onmiddellik sal toegee. Die minderheidsuitspraak wat mnr. Wynand Malan in die Maponyasaak gelewer het, is 'n uitstekende voorbeeld van die wyse waarop sommige lede van die amnestiekomitees gedwaal het. Mnr. Malan se uitspraak kan gelees word op: http://www.doj.gov.za/trc/decisions/2001/ac21272b.htm) Daar is ook ʼn opvallende patroon merkbaar wanneer daar na die samestelling van die amnestiekomitees gekyk word in daardie gevalle waar amnestie aan oud-lede van die veiligheidstak geweier en 'n minderheidsuitspraak gelewer is.

Waarskynlik die grootste gebrek in die hele proses is dat daar nooit voorsiening gemaak is vir een of ander vorm van administratiewe hersiening nie. Dit beteken dat waar 'n amnestiekomitee 'n verkeerde bevinding gemaak het en amnestie geweier is, die persoon aan wie amnestie geweier is, die Hooggeregshof om hersiening moet nader. Die regskoste in so 'n geval kan enorm wees en 'n miljoen of meer rand beloop wat dit vir die meeste oud-lede van die veiligheidstak onbekostigbaar maak. Daarbenewens is die gronde waarop hersiening gevra kan word meer beperk as in die geval van 'n gewone strafsaak. Inderdaad 'n skreiende onreg waaraan oud-lede van die veiligheidstak blootgestel is.

In die Motherwellamnestieverhoor waar amnestie aan wyle kol. Gideon Nieuwoudt en ander oud-lede van die veiligheidstak geweier is, het advokaat Louis Visser en mnr. Jan Wagener ingewillig om op 'n gebeurlikheidsgrondslag vir brig. Du Toit en kol. Niewoudt op te tree in 'n aansoek om hersiening.

Die aansoek om hersiening het op 23 November 2001 voor ʼn volbank regters in die Kaapse Hooggeregshof gedien. Regter Jeanette Traverso-Coetzee het as voorsittende regter opgetree en is deur regters Dennis Davies en Jerome Ngwenya bygestaan. Al drie regters het eenparig bevind dat die bevinding van die amnestiekomitee in die geval van brig. Du Toit en adjt.off. Ras verkeerd is en dit tersyde gestel. Regter Davies was van mening dat die amnestiekomitee se weiering van amnestie aan kol. Nieuwoudt korrek was. Die ander twee regters het egter daarmee verskil en ook in die geval van kol. Nieuwoudt die bevinding tersyde gestel. Daar is gelas dat ’n nuwe amnestieverhoor gehou moes word.

Tydens die daaropvolgende amnestieverhoor is amnestie aan Brig. Du Toit en adjt.off Ras toegestaan, maar weer eens aan kol. Nieuwoudt geweier. Volgens adv. Visser en mnr. Wagener het die amnestiekomitee weer ernstig in hul bevinding gedwaal en sou hulle weer hersiening aanbeveel het.. Kol. Nieuwoudt is egter kort daarna oorlede.
Dit beteken dat so 'n proses onbepaald kan voortgaan.

In die geval van die PEBCO 3 waar kol. Deon Nieuwoudt, kapt. Sakkie van Zyl en sersant Johannes Koole amnestie geweier is en daarna weens moord vervolg is, is daar reeds meer as drie jaar gelede om hersiening aansoek gedoen. Die aansoek word reeds vir die afgelope 3 jaar deur die departement van Justisie vertraag wat tot dusver versuim het om hulle antwoord voor te lê. As gevolg daarvan is die verhoor steeds onbepaald uitgestel.

Kol. Eugene de Kock en lede van die Vlakplaaseenheid het gedurende Desember 1985 ses lede van Umkhonto we Sizwe in Lesotho doodgeskiet. Die ses lede van MK was deel van 'n groep wat op die punt gestaan het om die RSA binne te sypel om dood en verwoesting tydens die Kersseisoen te saai. Tydens die amnestieverhoor was daar onsekerheid wie die opdrag vir die optrede gegee het en generaal Johan van der Merwe het aanspreeklikheid daarvoor aanvaar. Hy was tydens die voorval 'n brigadier en tweede-in-bevel van die Veiligheidstak van die S A Polisie. Tydens die amnestieverhoor het adv. Danny Berger wat vir die slagoffers verskyn het, ruiterlik toegegee dat die MK-lede op die punt gestaan het om die land binne te sypel om dood en verwoesting te saai. Adv. Berger het trouens in sy betoog aangevoer dat een van die redes waarom amnestie nie aan genl. Van der Merwe toegestaan behoort te word nie, juis is, omdat volgens die getuienis wat hy gelewer het, hy opgetree het om die land en sy mense te beskerm. Dit het derhalwe op noodweer neergekom waarvoor amnestie nie verleen kan word nie. Daar het tydens die verhoor onduidelikheid bestaan oor die rol wat die Koördinerende Inligtingskomitee (KIK) asook die Staatsveiligheidsraad (SVR) tydens die voorval gespeel het. Dr. Niel Barnard, die voorsitter van die KIK het tydens die amnestieverhoor alle kennis van die voorval ontken en aangevoer dat hy eers gedurende die amnestieverhore van Eugene de Kock, wat gedurende 1997 plaasgevind het, daarvan bewus geword het dat lede van die veiligheidstak by die voorval betrokke was. Dr. Niel Barnard was gedurende 1985 die direkteur-generaal van die Nasionale Intelligensiediens asook die persoonlike veiligheidsadviseur van mnr. P.W. Botha, die staatspresident. Dr. Neil van Heerden, die direkteur-generaal van die departement van Buitelandse Sake, wat ook getuig het, het erken dat hy ongeveer ses maande nadat die voorval plaasgevind het, verneem het dat lede van die veiligheidstak by die voorval betrokke was. Dit was redelik algemeen in die geledere van die Inligtingsgemeenskap, wat die Nasionale Intelligensiediens ingesluit het, bekend dat Eugene de Kock en lede van sy eenheid die MK-lede in Lesotho doodgeskiet het. Dit sou trouens 'n skokkende onvermoë in die geledere van die Inligtingsgemeenskap openbaar het as dit nie die geval was nie. In die lig daarvan is dit uiters vreemd dat dit dr. Barnard 12 jaar geneem het om ook daarvan kennis te neem.

Daar is kort nadat die voorval plaasgevind het, medaljes vir dapperheid deur die minister van Wet en Orde, mnr. Louis le Grange, met die goedkeuring van die staatspresident, mnre. P.W. Botha aan kol. Eugene de Kock en die lede van sy eenheid wat by die voorval betrokke was, toegeken. Hulle het albei kennis gedra van die voorval. Regters Ronnie Pillay en Sissy Khampepe het desondanks amnestie aan genl. Van der Merwe geweier. Advokaat Francis Bosman het 'n minderheidsuitspraak gelewer en aanbeveel dat amnestie toegestaan word.

Volgens al die getuienis wat gelewer is, het die optrede van kol. Eugene de Kock en lede van sy eenheid in hierdie geval dood en verwoesting voorkom. Dit beklemtoon opnuut die skokkende wyse waarop die rol wat voormalige lede van die veiligheidsmagte gespeel het om die gemeenskap te beskerm, deur mnr. De Klerk en sy kollegas misken is en vandag nog steeds deur die sekere lede van die media misken word.

Op 25 Julie 1993 is weerlose kerkgangers wat vrouens en kinders ingesluit het, in die St. James kerk, Kenilworth, Kaapstad met AK47-gewere aangeval en 11 koelbloedig doodgeskiet. Talle is gewond. Dr. Alan Boesak het hom soos volg oor die voorval uitgelaat :
We are horrified and deeply distressed by the savage attack on the congregation at St James's Church, Kenilworth yesterday evening. Not only is this a monstrous crime against humanity, but also a shameful desecration of a place of prayer and worship.

This is the latest in a series of barbaric and vicious armed attacks that have taken place since the announcement of significant agreements at the World Trade Centre. This tragedy can only strengthen our belief that there are dark forces at work, determined to wreck all efforts to build peace and democracy in our country.

We wish to express our deepest and most sincere sympathies with the families of the deceased in their grief. From the bottom of our hearts we wish them the strength and courage to endure a tragedy that goes beyond the personal and must affect our country as a whole.

We call on the security forces to launch an immediate and urgent investigation into this terrible crime and to bring its perpetrators to justice. For the sake of all South Africans, it is absolutely crucial that the sinister forces behind these horrifying attacks are brought to book before they can do any more damage.

Issued by Allan Boesak, Chairperson.


Tydens die amnestieverhoor van die APLA-lede wat die aanval uitgevoer het, is die volgende bevinding gemaak:
“APLA has publicly accepted responsibility for this attack and in its submission to the TRC it stated:
"It should therefore not surprise anyone that targets like the St James Church, King Williams Town Golf Club, Heildeberg Tavern etc were selected. The leadership of the APLA takes full responsibility for all these operations. The APLA forces who carried out these operations followed the directives from their commanders and those directives were from the highest echelons of the military leadership. We do not therefore regret that such operations took place and there is therefore nothing to ask forgiveness for”

Mnr. Letlapa Mphahlele, die president van die PAC, in wie se opdrag die aanval uitgevoer is, het aanvanklik weens hierdie moorde in die hof verskyn, maar die saak is uitgestel en het sedertdien in die niet verdwyn. Dit is opvallend dat terwyl persone soos mnr. Jacques Pauw en sy geesgenote by elke moontlike geleentheid heftig daarop aandring dat oud-lede van die veiligheidstak vervolg moet word, hulle geen woord rep oor gevalle soos die van mnr. Mphahlele en lede van die NUK van die ANC nie.

Oor die getal NUK-lede wat aansoek om amnestie gedoen het, was daar groot verwarring. Aanvanklik was daar 37 wat aangegroei het en as gevolg van swak administrasie deur die WVK later so verstrengel geraak het dat dit moeilik is om te bepaal wat die werklike getal was. Amnestie is nietemin aan almal geweier. In hulle aansoek om amnestie het die NUK-lede hulle soos volg uitgelaat :
……””””” We, the applicants, having at various times between 1 March 1960 and 10 May 1994, as indicated below, been members and leaders of the African National Congress ( herein after referred to as the ANC ) elected and/or appointed to serve in various structures including its highest organ, the NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, do hereby make the following declaration:
During the said period, the ANC played the foremost role in the leadership of the struggle of the masses of our people for the end of the hateful system of apartheid, appropriately dubbed a crime against humanity by the international community.

In the course of our people’s struggle, with the intent to induce the apartheid government of the National Party to abandon apartheid with its concomitant violent repression, and with the intent to achieve, bring about and promote fundamental political, social and economic changes in the Republic, the ANC inter alia, established its military wing, UMKHONTO WE SIZWE, through which it prosecuted an armed struggle.

At all material times UMKHONTO WE SIZWE operated under (the) political authority, direction and leadership of the ANC.

Due to its peculiar circumstances, and the attacks mounted upon it by its adversary, the apartheid government, the ANC established various organs at various times such as the RC, PMC and a security organ NAT which at all material times also operated under its authority, direction and leadership.

Due to the circumstances which prevailed in the townships in the early 1990’s as a result of third force activities, the leadership of the ANC established and in some instances encouraged the establishment of SELF DEFENCE UNITS ( SDU’s ) which played a critical role in the defence of defenceless communities.

In the event, and to the extent that any of the activities of the above mentioned institutions and structures, including the SDU’s, could in any manner whatsoever be regarded as the kind of acts or omissions or offences envisaged in the PROMOTION OF NATIONAL UNITY AND RECONCILIATION ACT, we collectively take full responsibility therefore (sic) applying for amnesty in respect thereof……….””””.

EEN van die skokkendste terreurvoorvalle in die geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika het op 20 Mei 1983 plaasgevind. ʼn Motor met ʼn kragtige lading springstof het omstreeks vieruur die middag voor die Nedbankpleingebou in Kerkstraat, Pretoria, ontplof. (Die gebou het in Engels as die Nedbank Square Maritime House bekend gestaan.) Altesame 19 mense is dood, onder wie 12 burgerlikes en 7 Weermaglede. Altesame 219 mense is erg beseer of vermink, onder wie 217 burgerlikes en 2 Weermaglede. Mnr. Mandela het in sy boek “The long walk to freedom” sy spyt oor die voorval uitgespreek, maar terselfdertyd gemeld dat die ANC aanvaar het dat voorvalle van hierdie aard in die loop van die gewapende stryd gaan plaasvind.

Verskeie van die NUK-lede was in die buiteland tydens die tydperk toe die aanslag op sy hewigste was en sodoende vervolging vrygespring.

Kol. De Kock is in Oktober 1996 in die Hooggeregshof in Pretoria tot lewenslank plus 80 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis weens die vier moorde wat te Nelspruit en 'n vyfde wat te Pengemyn plaasgevind het.. Hy is altesame tot twee lewenslange termyne plus 212 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis weens ses ander moorde (insluitend die moord op Japie Maponya), verskeie pogings tot moord en ander aanklagte. Met uitsondering van die moorde wat te Nelspruit plaasgevind het, het die verskillende amnestiekomitees in al die ander gevalle bevind dat die moorde wel met 'n politieke oogmerk verband gehou het en in die konflik van die verlede gepleeg is. Hy is in twee van hierdie gevalle amnestie geweier, omdat hy volgens die mening van sommige komiteelede nie 'n volle blootlegging gedoen het nie. 'n Aansoek om hersiening sou in hierdie gevalle waarskynlik geslaag het. Selfs advokaat Hattingh wat kol. De Kock in al sy amnestieverhore verteenwoordig het, het egter toegegee dat daar geen moontlikheid was dat hersiening in die Nelspruitvoorval sou slaag nie. Dit sou hom derhalwe niks gebaat het om hersiening te vra nie.

Die indruk wat soms geskep word dat Eugene de Kock aan die pen gery het terwyl die generaals skotvry daarvan afgekom het spruit uit algehele onkunde. Kol. De Kock het in die Nelspruitvoorval generaal Krappies Engelbrecht probeer betrek, maar daar is tydens die strafregtelike- en ook amnestieverhoor volstrekte getuienis gelewer dat sy bewerings ongegrond is. Jacques Pauw het in die Rapport van 10 Januarie 2010 onder andere daarop aangedring dat genl. Engelbrecht vervolg moet word. Dit is nie duidelik of dit kwaadwillig gedoen word of 'n algehele gebrek aan vermoë is om die getuienis wat tydens die strafregtelike verhoor en ook die betrokke amnestieverhoor gelewer is, te begryp nie. Daar is nie 'n greintjie getuienis waarop genl. Engelbrecht vervolg kan word nie en mnr. Pauw word gedaag om aan te toon op water gronde hy van mening is genl. Engelbrecht vervolg kan word. Daar is geen getuienis van watter aard ook al dat enige generaal aandadig was aan enige van die moorde waaraan kol. De Kock skuldig bevind is nie. In die Maponyageval was generaal Le Roux 'n kolonel en is saam met kol. De Kock amnestie geweier. Soos mnr. Wynand Malan egter in sy minderheidsuitspraak met groot oortuiging aangetoon het, is amnestie in die Maponyasaak verkeerdelik geweier. Mnr. Pauw en sy geesgenote kan gerus die uitspraak van mnr. Malan lees en dalk 'n persoon wat oor regsagtergrond beskik kry om dit aan hulle te verduidelik.

Skynbaar moes die beginsel van gelykheid voor die reg wyk voor die nydige wyse waarop daar op die vervolging van voormalige lede van die veiligheidstak aangedring word. Soos enige ervare advokaat in die strafreg sal bevestig, bestaan daar op die grondslag van gemeenskaplike opset bloot op sigwaarde verdoemende getuienis om al die lede van die NUK wat nie amnestie gekry het nie, te vervolg. Dit is egter opvallend dat daar nooit daarop aangedring word dat gelykheid voor die reg gehandhaaf moet word nie.

Die moontlike begenadiging van kol. Eugene de Kock is die afgelope tyd fel teëgestaan en persone wat vermoedelik nie die vaagste benul het wat Afrikanerskap beteken nie, het dit luidkeels namens die Afrikaner veroordeel. Nog minder het hierdie persone die vaagste benul van die weersinwekkende omstandighede waaraan kol. Eugene de Kock tydens sy loopbaan blootgestel was nie. Hy is by verskeie geleenthede met medaljes vir dapperheid vereer. Tydens die onderhandelinge het die lede van die Vlakplaaseenheid 'n verleentheid vir mnr. De Klerk en sy kabinet geword wat in daardie stadium meer oor die guns van die ANC begaan was. Daar moes gevolglik ontslae geraak word van die eenheid. Lede van die vlakplaaseenheid is as melaats beskou en dit het sonder twyfel groot bitterheid by hulle veroorsaak.

Onderwyl onderhandelinge oor amnestie aan die gang was en algemene amnestie nog sterk onder oorweging was, het regter Goldstone begin om sake teen kol. De Kock en ander lede van die veiligheidstak te ondersoek wat regstreeks met 'n politieke oogmerk verband gehou het en in die konflik van die verlede gepleeg is. Genl. Johan van der Merwe het by mnr. De Klerk beswaar gemaak en daarop aandring dat sodanige ondersoeke gestaak moet word, maar mnr. De Klerk wou nie gehoor gee nie. Lede van die S A Polisie is egter nadruklik deur mnr. De Klerk verbied om soortgelyke sake teen die ANC te ondersoek. Indien gelykheid voor die reg gehandhaaf sou gewees het en reg en geregtigheid geskied het, sou die ondersoek van alle sodanige sake agterweë gehou gewees het tot tyd en wyl daar duidelikheid oor die amnestie-aangeleentheid was. In so 'n geval sou kol. De Kock sonder enige twyfel met 'n baie ligter vonnis daarvan afgekom het, want hy sou slegs weens die Nelspruitvoorval en die diefstalklagtes vervolg kon word. Die ander aanklagte wat verband gehou het met dade wat met 'n politieke oogmerk in die konflik van die verlede gepleeg is, sou, soos later soos in die Wet op Bevordering van Nasionale Eenheid bepaal is, agterweë gehou gewees het tot tyd en wyl die amnestieverhore afgehandel is. Die regter sou ook die voordeel gehad het van al die wesenlike aspekte wat tydens die amnestieverhore blootgelê is wat beslis die verhoor in 'n ander lig sou gestel het. Dit sou ook vir die regter moontlik gewees het om die dade wat tydens die Nelspruitvoorval gepleeg is op te weeg teen die dade wat die 176 gevangenes gepleeg het wat ingevolge die “RECORD OF UNDERSTANDING” vrygelaat is waar dit sogenaamd in belang van nasionale versoening geskied het.

In die geheel beskou met inagneming van alles wat gebeur het, is dit 'n skreiende onreg dat kol. De Kock nog nie begenadig is nie.

Dit is moeilik bykans onmoontlik om bykans 30 jaar later te verduidelik wat in die gemoed van lede van die veiligheidstak omgegaan het toe hulle op die toneel waar 'n motorkarbom, landmyn, kleefmyn of ander ploftoestel ontplof het, liggaamsdele bymekaar moes maak en in plastiese sakke moes geplaas het. Dikwels die liggame van vrouens en kinders van alle rassegroepe. Hoe hulle dikwels op video’s wat deur verslaggewers gemaak is moes aanskou hoe 'n persoon wat daarvan verdink is dat hy met die veiligheidstak saamgewerk het met 'n buiteband vol brandstof aan die brand gesteek is en hoe ondersteuners van rewolusionêre organisasies, soos bevestig is veral ondersteuners van die ANC , juigend en gillend om hom dans terwyl die slagoffer stadig 'n grusame dood sterf. Hoe jeugdiges om dieselfde rede juigend en gillend om slagoffers gedans het en die slagoffers stadig met messe en ander skerp voorwerpe gekap en gesny het totdat die slagoffer later genadiglik gesterf het. Hoe hulle by die sterfbed van 'n kollega gestaan het wie se longe deur 'n kleefmyn verbrand is wat besig was om 'n pynlike wyse stadig dood te smoor.

In 'n Brief aan die Rapport op 10 Januarie 2009 skryf mnr. Koos van der Merwe, 'n bekende lid van die parlement en een van die weinige politieke leiers uit die ou bedeling wat die moed van sy oortuiging en die ruggraat het om sy saak in die openbaar te stel, soos volg :-

“””Die Redakteur
Rapport
Deur epos: rapport@rapport.co.za

Geagte redaksie

Na aanleiding van Jacques Pauw se ope brief aan president Zuma in Rapport van 10 deser, skryf ek hiermee ook ‘n ope brief aan die president. Mnr Pauw pleit emosioneel daarvoor dat president Zuma moet woordhou om “elkeen van die polisiemanne wat gemoor het, aan die pen te laat ry”. Mnr Pauw het die saak teen die polisie gestel en ek wil graag help om die saak teen ANC-moordenaars te stel. Audi alteram partem. Ek reageer nie op die Eugene de Kok-saga nie en stem met Rapport se mening daaroor saam.


Geagte president Zuma

Ek aanvaar dat u kennis geneem het van mnr Jacques Pauw se beroep op u in Rapport van 10 deser om woord te hou deur “elkeen van die polisiemanne wat gemoor het, aan die pen te laat ry”. U sou hierdie belofte in Februarie 1990 aan hom in Harare gemaak het.

Sou u aan mnr Pauw se oproep gehoor gee en opdrag gee dat vervolgings teen die polisie van die ou Suid-Afrika ingestel word, is die vraag of u dan ook al die ANC-lede wat moord en ander wreedhede gepleeg het, “aan die pen gaan laat ry”. Mnr Pauw is klaarblyklik nie gepla met die moorde en wreedhede wat die ANC gepleeg het nie.

As ons dan na 16 jaar nog nie die hoofstuk oor ons apartheidsverlede wil afsluit nie, dan kan u sekerlik in alle billikheid nie net een kant vervolg en die ander met moord laat wegkom nie. Vergun my asseblief die geleentheid om kortliks besonderhede van ANC-moorde en wreedhede te gee, wat tans nog ongestraf is.

Amnesty International (Sien Amnesty International 2 December 1992: All Index: AFR 53/27/92) het in 1992 ‘n 24 bladsy verdoemende verslag teen die ANC uitgebring en bevind onder andere –
“For a dozen years or more, prisoners of the ANC were subjected to torture, ill-treatment and executions. These abuses took place at military and prison camps run by the ANC in several African countries, notably Angola, Zambia, Tanzania and Uganda...”
Volgens Amnesty was die slagoffers hoofsaaklik lede van MK. Die ANC se verduideliking van die wreedhede is dat hulle agente van die Suid-Afrikaanse regering was. Die waarheid is dat baie van hulle inderdaad bona fide MK-lede was wat bloot oor toestande gekla en vrae oor ANC-beleid geopper het. “In either case,” bevind Amnesty, “torture and execution of prisoners cannot be justified”.

Amnesty beskryf die aaklige omstandighede van die ANC-aangehoudenes in die ANC-kampe. Aangehoudenes kon hulself en hul klere slegs eenkeer in ‘n aantal weke was. Net een drom water is gebruik en is van sel tot sel aangestuur sodat meeste selle ‘n drom “water” gekry het wat dik van die vuil was. Daar was geen kans om komberse te was nie, wat spoedig met luise besmet was. Sommige aangehoudenes het gekla dat hulle slegs een koppie drinkwater per dag gekry het. Siektes, soos malaria en maagkoors, het uitgebreek en daar was geen geneesheer beskikbaar nie en eerstehulp-personeel was in die algemeen onsimpatiek en het selfs aangehoudenes aangerand. Marteling en wrede aanrandings het algemeen voorgekom.

Aangesien mnr Pauw ‘n aantal voorbeelde genoem het, doen ek dieselfde.
  • MK-lede wat in Angola aangehou was, het verskeie kere in opstand gekom. In 1984 is ‘n opstand in die Pango-kamp onderdruk; die opstandelinge is aan bome vasgemaak; aangerand; geslaan en gesmelte plastiek is op hul naakte liggame gedrup. Sewe is aangekla en deur ‘n ANC-sekuriteitsbeamte verhoor; sonder regverteenwoordiging; is skuldig bevind en doodgeskiet.

  • In Nova Instalacao-kamp is aangehoudenes in donker, klam selle aangehou sonder komberse of matrasse en moes op betonvloere slaap. Toilette was geblokkeer en urine en ontlasting het in die selle ingevloei. Kos was bitter skaars, siektes volop en mediese hulp onverkrygbaar. Selby Msimang en Ben Thibane het gesterf.

  • Marteling het veral ook in die Revolutionary Council-gebou in Lusaka plaasgevind met knuppels, draad, tuinslange, doringdraad, staalpype, fietskettings, lippe is met brandende sigarette gebrand, testikels is met tange geknyp en elektriese skokke is toegedien. Soms is voetsole geslaan en sommige is in watergevulde selle aangehou. Sommige gevangenes is gedwing om op rooimier-neste te sit.

  • Thabo Twala is in Maart 1990 in “Sun City”-kamp in Lusaka doodgeslaan.

  • Senior MK-bevelvoerder Thami Zulu is in November 1989 dood nadat hy 14 maande lank aangehou is.

  • Mzwai Piliso, ‘n ANC-sekuriteitshoof, het erken dat gevangenes aangerand en op die voetsole geslaan is.

  • Amnesty se verslag bevat volle besonderhede van die ANC-wreedhede.

Daar is ook die boek MBOKODO van Mwezi Twala en Ed Benard wat in 1994 verkyn het. Twala is self in ANC-kampe aangehou en vertel van sy onmenslike ondervindings.

President Mandela het in 1991 ‘n Kommissie van Ondersoek aangestel om die beweerde wanpraktyke te ondersoek. Die Kommissie bevind dat daar wyd verspreide martelings en mishandling was en dat die gebeure nie versinsels van ANC-vyande is nie. Die Kommissie se beperkte mandaat het verhoed dat bevindings oor moord en “verdwynings” gemaak kon word. Sommige getuies is wreed aangetas, gebroke en hul lewens is verwoes deur armoede, onderbroke skoolgaan en ongeskiktheid.

Die Kommissie maak die belangrike aanbeveling dat ‘n werklik onafhanklike ondersoek ingestel word om die moorde en “verdwynings” te ondersoek, wat natuurlik nog nooit gebeur het nie.

Die Kommissie het ‘n vertroulike lys name aan president Mandela gegee van persone wat na bewering skuldig aan die wandade was, maar sê die lys moenie tot die genoemdes beperk word nie. Die ANC het nie die name bekend gemaak nie.

Geagte president, dan is daar die voorlegging wat mnr FW de Klerk in 1996 aan die WVK gemaak het waarin hy onder andere sê 505 mense is wreed met die sogenaamde halssnoer-metode om die lewens gebring.

Ek doen met eerbied aan die hand, mnr die president, dat as u sou besluit om mnr Pauw se advies te volg, u dan almal wat oortree het, laat vervolg. Ook die ANC-skuldiges.

U sien, niemand is nog ooit oor die moorde en wreedhede in die ANC-kampe vervolg nie. Niemand is ook nog ooit vir die onbeskryflik aaklige halssnoer-moorde vervolg nie.

Ten slotte, mnr die president, anders as mnr Pauw, doen ek ‘n beroep op u om die boek oor die verlede te sluit. Laat ons eerder die item “versoening” die ereplek heel bo aan ons sakelys gee.

Die uwe


JH VAN DER MERWE LP”””
rapportpauw100110

Die audi alterem partem-reël wat die grondslag vir natuurlike geregtigheid is, het nog nooit in die geval van oud-lede van die Veiligheidstak gegeld nie. Die reël is vervang deur die reël: “Die reg word bepaal deur hulle wat die hardste raas en graagste praat en skryf en die leë ruimtes van die veral die Afrikaanse koerante vul - en hulle is sonder uitsondering die wat om een of ander rede skynbaar ‘n wrok jeens die voormalige veiligheidstak het, soos mnre Max du Preez, Jacques Pauw en hulle geesgenote en ook skynbaar in die verlede na die ANC oorgehel het.

Die tyd het aangebreek dat die mense in suid-Afrika kennis moet neem van wat werklik in die verlede plaasgevind het en dat daar met meer deernis en begrip gekyk word na die opofferings wat lede van die veiligheidstak ten koste van hulself en hulle gesinne gedoen het.

Indien gelykheid voor die reg gehandhaaf moet word en almal aan wie amnestie geweier is vervolg moet word, sal daar noodwendig indien daar nog 'n greintjie sin vir reg en geregtig bestaan, met die NUK-lede van die ANC begin moet word. Die wesenlike vraag is egter of daar sodoende uiting gegee word aan die slotparagraaf van die Tussentydse Grondwet wat ook die grondslag vir die huidige Grondwet vorm. 'n Aanhaling uit die slotgedeelte van die Tussentydse Grondwet lees soos volg
““ “”..... Die aanvaarding van hierdie Grondwet lê die vaste fondament vir die mense van Suid-Afrika om die verdelings en tweespalt van die verlede, wat gelei het tot growwe skendings van menseregte, die verbreking van menslikheidsbeginsels in gewelddadige konflik en 'n nalatenskap van haat, vrees, skuld en wraak, te oorbrug.

Die geleentheid is daar om dit nou reg te stel op die grondslag dat daar 'n behoefte bestaan aan begrip en nie wraaksug nie, 'n behoefte aan herstel en nie vergelding nie, 'n behoefte aan medemenslikheid en nie viktimisering nie.

Ten einde diè versoening en herstrukturering te bevorder, moet amnestie verleen word met betrekking tot dade, versuime en misdrywe wat met politieke oogmerke in verband staan en wat in die loop van die konflik van die verlede begaan is
....”””

Bo en behalwe dat die eensydige vervolging van oud-lede van die veiligheidstak 'n growwe skending van die beginsel van gelykheid voor die reg, soos in die Grondwet bepaal word, sal wees, regstreeks in stryd sal wees met die gees en wese van die slotgedeelte van die Tussentydse grondwet , sal dit ook opnuut die verdeling, tweespalt en konflik van die verlede laat opvlam. Is dit die toekoms wat sekere persone en lede van die media vir Suid-Afrika en sy mense wil skep?

In die geheel beskou en met in agneming van alles wat reeds plaasgevind het, is dit 'n skreiende onreg dat kol. Eugene de Kock nog nie begenadig is nie.

Generaal Johan van der Merwe is Voormalige Kommisaris van die SA Polisiemag en ook die Bevelvoerende Offisier van die Veiligheidstak van die SA Polisie vanaf 1 Januarie 1986 tot Augustus 1988 wat daadwerklik by die konflik van die verlede en die WVK-verrigtinge betrokke was.

» » » » [(PDF) submitted as Evidentiary Document to UBUNTU BRIEF OF AMICUS CURIAE: [E] SOCIO-LEGAL-POLITICAL ILLEGITIMACY OF TRC SOCIAL CONTRACT (PDF), by 1st Amicus, in Concourt 23-10: The Citizen vs. Robert McBride] » » [ZA: White Refugee]


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